Last updated : August 23, 2017
Paramethoxyamphetamine (PMA) and paramethoxymethamphetamine (PMMA) are stimulants with hallucinogenic effects similar to MDMA, which is the main ingredient in ecstasy.1 In fact most people who take PMA or PMMA think they are taking ecstasy. However, drugs sold as ecstasy may not contain any MDMA. They can be a mix of amphetamines, PMA, PMMA, ketamine, NBOMe, methylone or other substances.
This is potentially harmful as PMA and PMMA have more toxic effects (and are less euphoric) than MDMA. It also takes longer to feel these effects, so people may take another pill in the mistaken belief that the first has not worked, sometimes resulting in overdose. PMA and PMMA have been around since the 1970s1 and have been associated with a number of deaths over the years worldwide including in Australia. In 2012 and 2013 there was a spike in deaths directly attributable to PMA or PMMA in England and Wales.2
PMA and PMMA are usually swallowed and can be snorted or injected.
Death, Dr Death, Pink Ecstasy, Red Mitsubishi, Killer, Chicken Powder and Chicken Yellow
There is no safe level of drug use. Use of any drug always carries some risk. It’s important to be careful when taking any kind type of drug.
PMA and PMMA affect everyone differently, but effects may include:
If you take a large amount or have a strong batch, you could overdose. If you have any of the symptoms below, call an ambulance straight away by dialling triple zero (000). Ambulance officers don’t need to involve the police.
High doses of PMA or PMMA are potentially lethal.
The long-term effects of PMA and PMMA have not yet been established but health professionals believe they may have similar long-term effects to ecstasy.5
If your use of PMA and PMMA are affecting your health, family, relationships, work, school, financial or other life situations, you can find help and support.
difficulty breathing, dry mouth, excitability, feeling alert, heightened senses, increased blood pressure, increased heart rate, increased sweating, irregular eye movements, muscle spasms, nausea, teeth grinding.